Katie Morton, Mark Beauchamp, Anna Prothero, Lauren Joyce, Laura Saunders, Sarah Spencer-Bowdage, Bernadette Dancy, Charles Pedlar
Health psychology review [9:205-23] (2015)
Motivational interviewing (MI) is a patient-centred approach to behaviour change that was originally developed in the addiction field but has increasingly been applied to public health settings with a focus on health promotion. The purpose of this review was to examine the evidence base for MI interventions in primary care settings with non-clinical populations to achieve behaviour change for physical activity, dietary behaviours and/or alcohol intake. We also sought to explore the specific behaviour change techniques included in MI interventions within primary care. Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles and 33 papers met inclusion criteria and were included. Approximately 50% of the included studies (n = 18) demonstrated positive effects in relation to health behaviour change. The efficacy of MI approaches is unclear given the inconsistency of MI descriptions and intervention components. Furthermore, research designs that do not isolate the effects of MI make it difficult to determine the effectiveness of such approaches. We offer a number of recommendations for researchers and practitioners seeking to include MI within behaviour change interventions to help improve the quality of the research and the effectiveness of MI-based interventions within primary care settings.
- A novel peer-support intervention using motivational interviewing for breastfeeding maintenance: a UK feasibility study.
- Design and Methods of a Synchronous Online Motivational Interviewing Intervention for Weight Management.
- Development of a novel motivational interviewing (MI) informed peer-support intervention to support mothers to breastfeed for longer.
- Motivational interviewing as a way to promote physical activity in obese adolescents: a randomised-controlled trial using self-determination theory as an explanatory framework.
- The effectiveness of motivational interviewing for health behaviour change in primary care settings: a systematic review.
- Heart-to-Heart: promoting walking in rural women through motivational interviewing and group support.
- Development of a fully automated, web-based, tailored intervention promoting regular physical activity among insufficiently active adults with type 2 diabetes: integrating the I-change model, self-determination theory, and motivational interviewing components.
- Vitalum study design: RCT evaluating the efficacy of tailored print communication and telephone motivational interviewing on multiple health behaviors.
- Comparing the effectiveness of an enhanced MOtiVational intErviewing InTervention (MOVE IT) with usual care for reducing cardiovascular risk in high risk subjects: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
- Computerized versus motivational interviewing alcohol interventions: impact on discrepancy, motivation, and drinking.
- SafeTalk, a multicomponent, motivational interviewing-based, safer sex counseling program for people living with HIV/AIDS: a qualitative assessment of patients' views.